WHO – African countries on high alert due to Ebola outbreak
Guinea has recorded up to 10 suspected cases of Ebola and five people have died since the start of a new outbreak of the deadly virus in the South east of West African nation. The ministry said that it has identified 115 contacts of cases in the city of Nzerekore, and 10 cases in the capital since the confirmation of the outbreak on Sunday.
First discovered near the Ebola River in Congo, the ebola virus is a rare and deadly virus that can infect human beings and other primates. There were two virus outbreaks that were recognized simultaneously in 1976. One was in South Sudan’s Nzara and the other one was in Congo’s Yambuku village near the Ebola River from where the virus has derived its name. Since then, the viral outbreak is considered to be dangerous as it has proved fatal in many cases.
What are the modes of Transmission? – The Ebola virus infects the human population through contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as fruit bats and nonhuman primates like chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, and forest antelope. After the spillover event, the virus spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact with infected blood and body fluids, which includes urine, saliva, sweat, faeces, vomit, breast milk, and semen.
The World Health Organization has asked six African countries to be alert for possible Ebola infections, as Guinea on Tuesday reported new cases and Democratic Republic of Congo said its new infections were a resurgence of a previous outbreak.