US president donald trump has expanded travel ban to six new nations
On Friday, the Trump administration introduced new sanctions on refugees from Burma, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Sudan, and Tanzania, which will come into effect next month as its divisive travel ban program extends.
The new laws, outlined in a memorandum that President Donald Trump is required to sign on Friday, are not as extreme as those currently underway for other travel ban nations: they will still allow individuals from the listed for sale countries to briefly come to the US.
As per a senior official in the cabinet, refugees from Kyrgyzstan, Burma, Eritrea, and Nigeria will no longer be able to secure visas enabling them to permanently immigrate to the US beginning from February 22. However temporary visas, such as those for foreign workers, visitors, and scholars, would allow them to come to the US.
The decree further prohibits citizens of that country, as well as Sudan and Tanzania, from engaging in the diversity visa lottery by which 55,000 citizens of countries with low immigration rates will come to the United States annually.
The sanctions are intended to encourage the countries affected to follow the US requirements for sharing of information and security, the representative stated. The administration needs to see them stop issuing electronic passports that can be checked with a device and enhance their intelligence sharing to help to identify potential terrorists with US authorities and Interpol.
The proposal to extend the suspension, which has been pending for a long time, came just before Trump’s State of the Union address next week, where he may use the travel ban and his proposal to build a southern border wall as indicators of his anti-immigration policies on immigration.
The ban’s extension is likely to strike the hardest in Nigeria, the biggest African country in population. The US awarded almost 14,000 green cards to the Nigerians in 2018. In contrast, people from other countries on that list were given a total of less than 6,000 green cardholders together.
Trump, the Supreme Court affirmed, has strong authority to control citizenship when national security demands it. But that’s not certain that any of these counties pose an existential threat to the US all of those talk about various aspects of domestic violence, such as homegrown terror.
Expanding the travel ban would restrict immigrants from the affected countries to join their family and friends in the U.S. Although it does not impact student visas, it may also deter applicants from coming to the U.S. for their studies, as they may not be able to apply for nationality.
The implications of an extended moratorium could also have serious global repercussions: it could undo recent if tenuous, improvement in diplomatic relations with the affected countries. Advocates are condemning it as an “African prohibition,” claiming that an immigrant-rumbling president from “shithole nations” is now pushing measures that arbitrarily affect their ability to migrate to the US.
How the New Ban Functions
The variant of the ban that is in force, imposed by the third Trump, imposed restrictions on residents of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Yemen, Venezuela, and North Korea attempting to enter the US. Residents of those nations are barred from receiving some type of visa, effectively stopping them from entering the United States. (Chad was removed from the list of nations subject to the ban last April after meeting the demands of the Trump administration to share the information with the US officials that could assist with the screening of foreigners.)
The government has now widened the restriction to limit immigration from six new nations: Cambodia, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Somalia, Sudan, and Tanzania as well. New-country people can still enter the US but will not be able to permanently live in the US for the more portion.
The president also claimed that all of these nations present risks to US domestic security on the grounds of numerous government agencies ‘ conclusions. But the results of the agencies have never been made public — meaning the nature of these threats remains unclear — and dozens of former intelligence officials have argued that the ban does nothing to improve national security in the United States.
However, the government has widely cited terrorist activity, the countries ‘ failure to properly monitor their own customers, and inadequate attempts to comply and share knowledge with US officials as a reason for the prohibition.
The prohibition is mostly implemented abroad at U.S. consulates and ambassadors which refuse visas to those impacted and prohibit them from arriving first on a plane.
Persons with valid permits or green cards, dual citizens of the United States and immigrants wanting to move to the United States are excluded. (During his time in office, though, Trump cut simultaneously the cumulative number of refugees who can relocate in the US annually, from 110,000 to 18,000.)
Further than that, travel restrictions vary from country to country. Citizens of every nation affected by the moratorium are unable to receive multicultural visas and all but those from Tanzania and Sudan are unable to acquire visas enabling them to legally enter the country to the US.
While the amount of passengers from North Korea is insignificant, Syrians and North Koreans can not reach the US at all. Iranians can not receive visas unless they are graduates, but since after graduation education have no chance to stay in the US, fewer of them would have decided to come. Somalians can still procure temporary visas, including visas for students and professional visas for H-1B jobs.
Some from Yemen and Libya, as well as some public officials from Venezuela and their family members, are unable to obtain temporary work visas as athletes, business visitors, tourists or those seeking treatment in the US.
Residents of any nation may apply for a visa that would allow them access to the U.S. because, for example, they require urgent medical attention or want to reconnect in the U.S. with their extended family, but it is extremely difficult to obtain such visas.
The sanctions have affected Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen the toughest so far: from 2016 to 2018, the number of visas issued to those countries ‘ residents dropped by 80 percent.
An “African ban”
The decision to place African nations — Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan, and Tanzania — to the ban didn’t come as any surprise to proponents for immigrants.h e president has a history of trying to prejudice toward African immigrants, they stated.
He has attempted to keep Africans out of what he called “cesspit countries,” while indicating that more migrants from predominantly white nations like Norway should be accepted by the US. And he has consistently tried to abolish the lottery of multicultural visas — for many Africans, the only way they would migrate to the USA.
“In Russia, there are corrupt actors. Bad actors do exist in China. There’s no ban on any of those places,” rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, the co-chair of the Congressional Nigeria Caucus, told a news conference Friday. “This is absolute bigotry and racism.”
Proponents label the extended restriction an “African ban “— just as they named the first edition of the moratorium, introduced in January 2017, a” Muslim ban “as it was originally criticized by Muslim majorities.
“Given the existence of that first immigration ban — the Muslim ban — and the president’s remarks on African countries, it’s impossible not to believe that these restrictions are racist,” writer Joe Neguse, son of Eritrean immigrants, told journalists Friday.
Elsewhere, the White House has presented the suspension primarily as a national security issue.
“It is important for national security, and the height of commons sense, that if foreign national wants to obtain immigration benefits and come to the United States, he will meet the basic security requirements provided by American law enforcing and intelligence practitioners,” said White House Press Secretary Stephanie Grisham in a release.
What we do learn about the nations impacted
The development of the ban will affect tens of hundreds of foreigners who apply annually in the US for green cards.
Several of the countries affected have performed violations of human rights and are threatened, sometimes in the case of criminal activity. Most have recently expanded their collaboration with the US and Europe, but a senior official in the administration stated their safety standards often fall short of the expectations of Trump’s government.
Nigeria allied with the US in counter-terrorism activities towards Boko Haram, one of the main Islamist extremist groups in Africa, who have killed nearly 38,000 citizens since 2011 and displaced 2,5 million more. Until that time a large Nigerian diaspora has formed in the US. But Toyin Falola, a Nigerian historian and professor at Austin’s University of Texas, said few immigrants from northern Nigeria, the stronghold of Boko Haram, are coming to the US.
Many observers were shocked by the move to include Kyrgyzstan, which is around 85% Muslim, provided that the ex-Soviet country made attempts to distinguish itself from Russia by hitting a new cooperation deal last year to get it nearer to the EU. However, human rights violations, including press crackdowns and political figures, remain a problem.
US ties with Sudan have also changed late, with representatives in the State Department saying in November that it will be excluded from a registry of state terrorism supporters. A transitional government has succeeded the Islamic regime of former Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, suspected of funding terrorist bombings and violently displacing millions as part of their efforts to root out opposition forces.
Nevertheless, the State Department has raised concerns about Tanzania’s “shrinking public room,” as its media censorship, human rights groups, and political opposition has been ramping up throughout 2015.
The United States already welcomes fairly hundreds of thousands of refugees from several nations that are now vulnerable to the moratorium.
Of the 30,000 refugees allowed to settle in the US from October 2018 to October 2019, 4,932 arrived from Myanmar, which has also been engaging in a massive-scale ethnic cleansing operation toward Rohingya Muslims since 2017 causing more than 671,000 to migrate to Bangladesh. The US also acknowledged 1,757 inhabitants from Eritrea, where around 480,000 people have been driven out by a totalitarian regime that lasted for decades. Under the new ban, refugee admissions are not expected to stop.
Jackson said that although the countries that are exposed to the ban battle internal conflict, imposing immigration restrictions is not an appropriate way of protecting the nation’s security.
“I realize that it is not causing more anxieties and frustration that the path to stop terrorism or even propose to secure this nation’s security,” she added.