Hottest Decade on Recorded, Experts Said on Earth’s Temperature
The last decade could perhaps be the hottest on record, weather scientists warn on Tuesday, painting a grim picture of sea ice disappearing, devastating droughts, and invasive seas in a report initiated at the climate conference in Spain.
The yearly evaluation of the Global climate by the Geneva-based World Meteorological Organization (WMO) emphasized the stakes of two weeks of discussions aimed at shortening the 2015 Paris Agreement to prevent catastrophic climate change.
“Heatwaves and floods that used to be ‘ once-in-a-century ‘ phenomena have become more regular,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas in a report.
“Regions from the Bahamas to Japan to Mozambique have continued to suffer from terrifying tropical storms. Wildfires have swept through Arctic and Australia,” he replied.
Among the results of the study:
- The average global temperatures for the five-year timespan (2015-2019) and the ten-year period (2010-2019) are almost certain to be the highest recorded.
- 2019 will be the second or third hottest year on the score.
- Seawater is 26% more toxic than at the beginning of the industrial revolution, destroying aquatic habitats.
- Arctic sea ice neared record lows in September and October, and Antarctica also saw record low ice a few times this year.
- Global warming is a driving force of the recent rise in global starvation after a century of constant decline, with more than 820 million people who have suffered from lack of food in 2018.
- This year, climate disasters have displaced thousands of people and impacted climate patterns from India to northern Russia, central United States and other areas.
The report noted that sea level spikes known as “sea heat waves” that decimate underwater life became more frequent.
The report indicated that the concentration of CO2 in the environment reached a record level of 407.8 parts per million in 2018 and continued to increase in 2019. Beginning Monday’s climate summit, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres cautioned that 400 parts per million had once been labeled an “unthinkable” turning point.
Over the past year, the drumbeat of grim climate scientists ‘ reports fueled environmental activism, forced some businesses to commit to reducing emissions and expressed concern among investors about the sustainability of asset values.
Nonetheless, negotiators in Madrid are fighting an uphill battle to convince major emitters to accept the kind of radical change needed to shift the Global climate system towards a more sustainable course.